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Base Conversion

The following routines will convert a number to and from among the different bases: decimal, hexadecimal, and binary.


################################################
# Convert a binary input to hex
# Does not return any leading 0s
#
 sub bin2hex {
    my $inpt = shift;
    my $hex;
    my $bits = length($inpt);
    $inpt = (32 - $bits) x '0' . $inpt;
    my $dec = unpack("N",
                 pack("B32", substr("0" x 32 . $inpt, -32)));

    return(sprintf("%x", $dec));
}

################################################
# Convert a decimal input to binary
# Arguments = decimal_number, number_of_bits
#
sub dec2bin {
    my $dec = int(shift);
    my $bits = shift;
    my $bin = unpack("B32", pack("N", $dec));
    substr($bin, 0, (32 - $bits)) = '';
    return($bin);
}

################################################
# Convert a binary input to decimal
#
sub bin2dec {
    my $bin = shift;
    my $bits = length($bin);
    $bin = (32 - $bits) x '0' . $bin;
    my $dec = unpack("N",
                 pack("B32", substr("0" x 32 . $bin, -32)));
    return($dec);
}

###############################################
# Convert a hex input to decimal
#
sub hex2dec {
    my $h = shift;
    $h =~ s/^0x//g;
    return( hex($h));
}
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